Self-employed

If you’re self-employed or a company director you can still apply for Housing Benefit but the information you need to provide may be different to someone who is employed.  

If you’re self-employed, you work for an income but are not employed under a contract and don’t work for a wage or a salary (an employee).

If you’re a director of a limited company, you are not self-employed. See below for further details if you’re a director of a limited company.

If you’re a subcontractor and you have tax and National Insurance contributions taken from your wages, you’re not self-employed. See below for further details if you are a subcontractor.

Self employed

If you’re self-employed you’ll need to provide the following proof of self-employed earnings in support of your claim:

  • a letter or document from HM Revenues and Customs that confirms the date you registered as self-employed and confirms your unique reference number
  • your self-employed accounts to cover the last 12 months, or from the start of trading to date if you have not been self-employed for at least 12 months
  • if you don’t have prepared accounts please complete a self-employed earnings form (pdf, 134kb)
  • if you’ve only just started trading as self-employed, please complete a self-employed earnings form (pdf, 134kb)
  • if you’re in self-employed partnership, your partnership agreement

We may need to see proof of your self-employed expenses. We’ll contact you at a later date if this is the case.

Limited company directors

If you’re a limited company director you’ll have;

  • registered a company with Companies House
  • received a certificate of incorporation confirming the company number and date of formation

If you’re a director of a company, we treat you as an employee and not as self-employed. You'll need to provide the following proofs in support of your claim:

  • your latest prepared accounts for the business, which are known as “statutory accounts”. These must show full profit and loss details, and must include a copy of the balance sheet which shows the value of everything the company owns and is owed, shareholder details, and how many shares each shareholder holds
  • proof of your earnings from your company, ie wage slips or payroll records
  • proof of any other payments received from the company, such as dividend vouchers issued during the period the statutory accounts cover
  • business bank account statements (both current and reserve accounts) covering the same period as the statutory accounts cover

Subcontractors

If you’re a subcontractor and you have tax and National Insurance contributions taken from your wages, you are not self-employed. You will need to provide the following proof of earnings in support of your claim:

  • if you are paid weekly, your last 5 wage slips
  • if you are paid fortnightly, your last 3 wage slips
  • if you are paid 4 weekly or calendar monthly, your last 2 wage slips

Page last updated: 02 October 2017