Library closures - 13 and 14 August 2022

Due to the extreme heat and high temperatures inside, some of our libraries will be closed on Saturday and Sunday (13 and 14 August). They include Peckham, Dulwich, John Harvard, Camberwell and Brandon. We’re sorry for any inconvenience.

Planning

Use our easy tool to Find Out If You Need Planning Permission

Southwark Plan 4

Annexes

Application of the Borough Views Policy

We will apply the Borough Views policy on all development that may have an impact on the signifcance of our designated views.

View definitions and terminology

Methodology

The methodology and terminology we have used to identify and defne our Borough Views is consistent with the methodology used for the Mayor of London’s adopted London Views Management Framework (LVMF) (2012).

Scope of policy

The scope of our Borough View policy relates only to our borough. It does not cross beyond our borough boundaries or designate policy for the City of London, the London Borough of Lambeth or the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. However, as the focal point of our London Panorama and two Linear Views is St Paul’s Cathedral, which lies within City of London, we illustrate how the view geometry extends from our borough boundary across the City of London to the Cathedral.

Assessment points

Each of our Borough Views has a defned Assessment Point. This is the location from which any proposed development within the view must be assessed. Each Assessment Point has coordinates (Easting, Northing and Height (AOD)) that define its exact location.

Accurate Visual Representation (AVR) photography must utilise these coordinates with a camera height of 1.6m for consistent analysis. Proposals should also use the Assessment Point to understand and assess heritage signifcance within views by undertaking a Qualitative Visual Assessment using the Phase A

‘Baseline Analysis’ and a Phase B ‘Assessment of Impact ‘that is defned in Historic England’s Seeing History in the View (2011).

Landmark Viewing Corridor (LVC)

A Landmark Viewing Corridor is a triangular area that lies between an Assessment Point and a Strategically Important Landmark. In Southwark, our London Panorama and two Linear views all focus on St Paul’s Cathedral as the Strategically Important Landmark. The Threshold Planes we have defned for our Landmark Viewing Corridors are derived from the direct lines of sight linking the viewer at our Assessment Points to specifc target points on St Paul’s Cathedral. Development that exceeds a Threshold Plane is likely to harm a viewer’s ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral and is therefore likely to be refused. Applications will be expected to demonstrate that this is the case. If existing buildings located within a

[Image: Indicative Illustration of a 45m threshold plane at St Paul’s Cathedral]

Wider Setting Consultation Area (WSCA)

Each Landmark Viewing Corridor is enclosed on both sides by two Wider Setting Consultation Areas that are in the foreground and middle ground of the view. These areas are integral to the viewer’s ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral and are sensitive to new development. Any development that exceeds the Threshold Plane of the Wider Setting Consultations Area must be designed and sited so that it preserves or enhances the viewer’s ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral. Applications will be expected to demonstrate that this is the case.

We have not proposed Background Assessment Areas as part of our Wider Setting Consultation Areas. This is because Background Assessment Areas for our London Panorama and Linear views would extend to the north of St Paul’s Cathedral which is an area beyond our borough boundary (City of London, London Borough of Camden), and therefore beyond the scope and remit of this Plan.

Borough View geometry for Landmark Viewing Corridors (LVC) and Wider Setting Consultation Areas (WSCA1 and 2)

The Landmark Viewing Corridors (LVC) and Wider Setting Consultation Areas (WSCA1 and 2) are each defned by a series of three coordinates that create a three triangular-shaped assessment areas. The coordinates for each piece of geometry are set out in in Section 5 of this annex and will be available to download from our website.

[Annex 1 - Diagram 1 - View Geometry]

View Geometry Coordinate Point

Description

A

Assessment Point

The designated location where the view is seen and assessed from

B

Central point of the strategic landmark within the view

For example, the centre of St Paul’s Cathedral that is the focal point of the view and the centre of the Landmark Viewing Corridor (LVC)

C

Western point of Landmark Viewing Corridor (LVC) at St Paul’s Cathedral

D

Eastern point of the Landmark Viewing Corridor (LVC) at St Paul’s Cathedral

V

Western point of Wider Setting Consultation Area 1 (WSCA1) at St Paul’s Cathedral

W

Eastern point of Wider Setting Consultation Area 2 (WSCA2) at St Paul’s Cathedral

Annex 4, Table 1: View Geometry Descriptions

Threshold Plane of Landmark Viewing Corridors and Wider Setting Consultation Areas

To ensure consistency with the London Plan, the methodology set out in Appendix E of the Mayor’s London Views Management Framework (LVMF) Supplementary Planning Document (2012) and the Assessment Point coordinates set out in Section 5 must be used to determine the precise height of the Threshold Plane for our Landmark Viewing Corridors and Wider Setting Consultation Areas. It is important to note that the Curvature of the Earth compensation will require more detailed analysis to determine the precise Threshold Plane that applies if a site lies within a Landmark Viewing Corridor.

New development proposals should form attractive features in their own right and their bulk and shape should not be based solely on the parameters set by the requirements and constraints of the Landmark Viewing Corridors and Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

London View Management Framework and St Paul’s Heights Designation

Four of our borough views beneft from the existing height thresholds and view geometry that is already adopted in the Mayor of London’s London Views Management Framework (LVMF) and the City of London’s existing St Paul’s Heights planning policy designation. Both of these designations restrict the height of new development around St Paul’s Cathedral that could impact or harm its setting and limit the ability to appreciate and recognise its signifcance. Both of these designations should ensure that development within the City of London that could harm the signifcance of our own Borough Views will be restricted.

Working with others

We will continue to work with London Boroughs, Historic England and the Statutory Consultees identifed in the LVMF to ensure that development that may impact upon the signifcance of our Borough Views is appropriate and has regard to the purpose and scope of our view designations.

We will also work closely with adjoining London Boroughs and have regard to their adopted local or borough views that may be afected by development in Southwark.

What we require from applicants' borough views

Where development proposals would appear within a designated Borough View, applicants must submit the following information as part of their Townscape Visual Impact Assessments (TVIAs).

Scoping process

Applicants should determine and illustrate whether their proposal is likely to impact upon any of our designated Borough Views. Taller proposals may be visible in a number of designated views. Consideration should be given to the foreground and middle ground of the view, the relationship with a specifed landmark and the impact upon the general skyline.

Description of the proposal and Qualitative Visual Assessment

Applicants should describe how their proposal would impact a designated Borough View. The description should have regard to:

  • the designated Borough View Landmark Viewing Corridors and Wider Setting Consultation Areas
  • the London View Management Framework views
  • any landmarks and existing features in the view
  • heritage assets and townscape
  • the skyline and the relationship with existing, proposed or consented developments, especially tall buildings
  • lighting, seasonal changes, the weather, shadowing and any other material considerations that may be visible within or impact the view

A Qualitative Visual Assessment using the Phase A ‘Baseline Analysis’ and a Phase B ‘Assessment of Impact‘ that is defned in Historic England’s Seeing History in the View (2011) will also be required to ensure we have a clear understanding of any impact on heritage signifcance. The assessment should include a ‘Magnitude of Impact against Value’ assessment.

Borough views

[Annex 1, Map 1: Borough Views Map]

Visual Management Guidance and View Geometry

View 1: One Tree Hill London Panorama

View Management Guidance

The view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas ensure that the ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral within the wider panorama is preserved and enhanced.

Development that exceeds the Threshold Plane of the view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor will be refused.

Development in the foreground and middle ground of this view should provide an appropriate setting for St Paul’s Cathedral by not crowding in too close to it and by not contributing to a canyon efect either side of the Landmark Viewing Corridor or Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

New development proposals should form attractive features in their own right and their bulk and shape should not be based solely on the parameters set by the requirements and constraints of the Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

New tall buildings in the Panorama should consolidate and improve the composition of existing and emerging clusters of tall buildings. The panorama is sensitive to large-scale development in the

foreground and middle ground in Peckham, the Old Kent Road, Bankside, Borough and London Bridge. Development should also ft within the prevailing pattern of buildings and spaces and should not detract from the Panorama as a whole.

Development in the foreground and middle ground that is overly intrusive, unsightly or prominent, to the detriment of the view as a whole, will likely be refused.

The width of the view changes in size and form owing to the seasons and pruning management. This should be taken into account as part of any assessment.

Description of the View

The London Panorama view from the summit of One Tree Hill provides one of the best views of central London and its suburbs from one of Southwark’s highest public open spaces. St Paul’s Cathedral is the Strategically Important Landmark that is the focus of the view and provides orientation and legibility within the Panorama. From this location, the full silhouette of St Paul’s Cathedral and its Western towers are visible.

The topography of north London frames the silhouette of the city. The viewer can see a number of complementary and prominent elements, in particular the tall buildings at London Bridge, the City of London, Blackfriars Road and Elephant and Castle. The Shard with its distinctive shape and materials provides a strong orientation point to allow the viewer to recognise St Paul’s Cathedral within the wider panorama.

The immediate foreground of the view consists of the mature wooded area on the northern slopes of One Tree Hill. The view fows northward through the lower residential areas of North Peckham,

The following landmarks are visible in the view:

  • St Paul’s Cathedral and its western towers
  • Palace of Westminster World Heritage Site
  • Tate Modern chimney
  • tall buildings at Elephant and Castle
  • tall buildings on Blackfriars Road
  • The Shard and Guys Hospital at London Bridge
  • City Hall
  • City of London Eastern Cluster of tall buildings
  • Barbican
  • Witcombe Point, Peckham

Other features visible in the view:

  • Burgess Park
  • North London hills

Assessment Point and View Geometry

This table of co-ordinates defnes the Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas for the view and is expressed in terms of OS Northings and Eastings and height Above Ordanance Datum (AOD)

One Tree Hill Landmark Viewing Corridor (LVC)

A

535432.5 E

174185.9 N

92.3m AOD including 1.6m camera height

C

531968.9 E

181100.7 N

45.0m

D

532117.4 E

181172.8 N

45.0m

Length at AB

7733.0m

Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CD)

165.0m

Defning Point at St Paul’s Cathedral

B

532054.4 E

181142.2 N

45.0m

Wider Setting Consultation Area 1 (WSCA1) Western side of Landmark Viewing Corridor

A

535432.5 E

174185.9 N

92.3m

V

531919.5 E

181076.7 N

45.0m

C

531968.9 E

181000.7 N

45.0m

Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CV)

55.0m

Wider Setting Consultation Area 2 (WSCA2) Eastern Side of Landmark Viewing Corridor

A

535432.5 E

174185.9 N

92.3m

D

532117.4 E

181172.8 N

45.0m

W

532189.3 E

181207.7 N

45.0m

Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (DW)

80.0m

Annex 4, Table 3: View 1 Assessment Point and View Geometry

Viewing Location and Assessment Point Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral

Map showing the Viewing Location and Assessment at One Tree Hill. The map is oriented with North at top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 3: One Tree Hill London Panorama Viewing Location and Assessment Point]

Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral

Map showing the extent of the designated view close to St Paul’s Cathedral and the borough boundary between Southwark and the City of London. Map is oriented with North at top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 4: One Tree Hill London Panorama: Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral]

Photgraphs of One Tree Hill London

[Annex 4, Photograph 1]

[Annex 4, Photograph 2]

View 2: Nunhead Cemetery Linear View

View Management Guidance

The view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas ensure that the ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral is preserved and enhanced. From this location, the full silhouette of St Paul’s Cathedral and its western towers are visible.

This is a strong linear view and is sensitive to any intrusion. Development that exceeds the Threshold Plane of the view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor will be refused.

Development in the foreground and middle ground of this view is likely to have an immediate impact on the view of St Paul’s Cathedral and should provide an appropriate setting by not crowding in too close to the Cathedral and by not contributing to a canyon efect either side of the Landmark Viewing Corridor or Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

New development proposals should form attractive features in their own right and their bulk and shape should not be based solely on the parameters set by the requirements and constraints of the Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

Development in the foreground and middle ground that is overly intrusive, unsightly or prominent, to the detriment of the view as a whole, will likely be refused.

The aperture of the view changes in size and form owing to the seasons and pruning management. This should be taken into account as part of any assessment.

Description of the view

The linear view from Nunhead Cemetery provides a tight, focussed view of St Paul’s Cathedral from one of Southwark’s most historic locations that is fully-framed by mature trees. St Paul’s Cathedral is set prominently in the centre of the view. The lantern, dome, drum and peristyle are all clearly visible, alongside the Western front and towers. Guy’s Cancer Centre sits adjacent to the Drum of the Cathedral in the mid ground.

The immediate foreground of the view consists of the mature wooded area of the Cemetery. The view extends northward to the lower residential and industrial areas of the Old Kent Road, where the industrial chimney at Latona Road provides a distinct landmark. Beyond is the predominantly low rise area of Borough and Bankside.

The following landmarks are visible in the view:

  • St Paul’s Cathedral and its western towers
  • Guy’s Cancer Centre and Hospital
  • Industrial chimney at Latona Road

Assessment Point and View Geometry Viewing Location and Assessment Point

This table of co-ordinates defnes the Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas of the view Map showing the Viewing Location and Assessment Point at Nunhead Cemetery. Map is oriented with North at top and is expressed in terms of OS Northings and Eastings and height Above Ordnance Datum (AOD).

Nunhead Cemetery Landmark Viewing Corridor

A

535366.4 E

175380.4 N

61.0m AOD including 1.6m camera height

C

531972.0 E

181094.9 N

45.0m

D

532089.1 E

181162.1 N

45.0m

Length at AB

6646m

Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CD)

135.0m

Defning point at St Paul’s Cathedral

 

B

532054.4 E

181142.2 N

45.0m

Wider Setting Consultation Area 1

(Western Side of Landmark Viewing Corridor)

A

535366.4 E

175380.4 N

61.0m

V

531924.4 E

181067.4 N

45.0m

C

531972.0 E

181094.9 N

45.0m

Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CV)

55.0m

Wider Setting Consultation Area 2

(Eastern Side of Landmark Viewing Corridor)

A

535366.4 E

175380.4 N

61.0m

D

532089.1 E

181162.1 N

45.0m

W

532184.4 E

181217.0 N

45.0m

Width of St Paul’s Cathedral (DW)

110.0m

Viewing Location and Assessment Point

Map showing the Viewing Location and Assessment Point at Nunhead Cemetery. Map is oriented with North at top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 5: Nunhead Cemetery Linear View Viewing Location and Assessment Point]

Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral

Map showing the extent of the designated view close to St Paul’s Cathedral and the borough boundary between Southwark and the City of London. Map is oriented with North at top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 6: Nunhead Cemetery Linear View: Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral]

View 2: Photographs of the Nunhead Cemetery Linear View towards St Paul’s Cathedral

[Annex 3, Photograph 3]

[Annex 4, Photograph 4]

View 3; Camberwell Road Linear View

View Management Guidance

The view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Area ensure that the ability to recognise and appreciate St Paul’s Cathedral is preserved and enhanced.

Development that exceeds the Threshold Plane of the view’s Landmark Viewing Corridor will likely be refused.

Development in the foreground and middle ground of this view is likely to have an immediate impact on the view of St Paul’s Cathedral. Development should provide an appropriate setting by not crowding in too close to the Cathedral and by not contributing to a canyon efect either side of the Landmark Viewing Corridor or Wider Setting Consultation Areas. Development in the foreground and middle ground that is overly intrusive, unsightly or prominent, to the detriment of the view as a whole, will likely be refused.

Proposals should form attractive features in their own right and their bulk and shape should not be based solely on the parameters set by the requirements and constraints of the Landmark Viewing Corridors and Wider Setting Consultation Areas.

Description of the view

The linear view from Camberwell Road provides a northward view along Camberwell Road with St Paul’s Cathedral as focal point at the centre of the view. The Cathedral’s dome and peristyle are clearly visible above the existing middle ground townscape and create a distinctive silhouette with clear sky on both sides.

In the middle ground, Wesson Mead Estate forms a strong presence on the western side of Camberwell Road. Street trees either side of Camberwell Road will change the view in size and form owing to the seasons and pruning management.

The following landmarks are visible in the view:

  • St Paul’s Cathedral
  • Wesson Mead Estate

Assessment Point and View Geometry

This table of co-ordinates defnes the Landmark Viewing Corridor and Wider Setting Consultation Areas and is expressed in terms of OS Northings and Eastings and height Above Ordnance Datum (AOD).

Nunhead Cemetery Landmark Viewing Corridor
A 532474.5 E 176947.6 N 6.50m AOD including 1.6m camera height
C 532009.6 E 181137.7 N 58.1m
D 532099.2 E 181146.7 N 58.1m
Length at AB 4215.8m
Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CD) 90.0m
Defning point at St Paul’s Cathedral
B 532054.4 E 181142.2 N 58.1m
Wider Setting Consultation Area 1 (Western Side of Landmark Viewing Corridor)
A 532474.5 E 176947.6 N 6.50m
V 531989.7 E 181135.7 N 58.1m
C 532009.6 E 181137.7 N 58.1m
Width at St Paul’s Cathedral (CV) 20.0m
Wider Setting Consultation Area 2 (Eastern Side of Landmark Viewing Corridor)
A 532474.5 E 176947.6 N 6.50m
D 532099.2 E 181146.7 N 58.1m
W 532119.1 E 181148.7 N 58.1m
Width of St Paul’s Cathedral (DW) 20.0m

[Annex 4, Table 5: View 3 Assessment Point and View Geometry]

Viewing Location and Assessment Point

Map showing the Viewing Location and Assessment Point on Camberwell Road. Map is oriented with North at the top of the page.

[Annex 4, Map 7: Camberwell Road Linear View Viewing Location and Assessment Point]

View at Borough Boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral

Map showing the extent of the designated view close to St Paul’s Cathedral and the borough boundary between top of the page. Southwark and the City of London. Map is oriented with North at the top of the page.

[Annex 4, Map 8: Camberwell Road Linear View: borough boundary and St Paul’s Cathedral]

Photographs of Camberwell Road Linear View towards St Paul’s Cathedral

[Annex 4, Photograph 5]

[Annex 4, Photograph 6]

View 4: Kings Stairs Gardens River Prospect

View Management Guidance

This view ensures the ability to recognise and appreciate some of London’s most famous landmark buildings and the River Thames.

The foreshore is sensitive, so development must step down to the River in line with the existing scale of development, and show how it would contribute to the settings of spaces and buildings immediately fronting the River Thames. Taller development must complement the existing tall building clusters set back from the River Thames.

New development must form attractive features in their own right and not obscure signifcant landmarks.

Description of the view

The river prospect view from Kings Stairs Gardens provides a characterful view of some of London’s

most famous landmark buildings including Tower Bridge, St Paul’s Cathedral and the River Thames. Guys Hospital, The Shard, Blackfriars Road cluster and the City of London’s tall building cluster are also visible. These skyline features combine to create an undulating skyline and silhouette that steps down at the northern and southern foreshores and rises back above Tower Bridge.

The view ofers a clear narrative of the diferent periods of London’s development. The low-rise foreground of Kings Stairs Gardens leads the viewer upstream past the former warehouses of Shad Thames to Tower Bridge and beyond. The low-rise foreshore of Wapping in Tower Hamlets is visible in the nearer middle ground on the northern side of the River. A series of foating docks punctuate the River Thames in the foreground.

The following landmarks are visible in the view:

  • River Thames
  • Guy’s Hospital
  • The Shard
  • 1 Blackfriars
  • Tower Bridge
  • St Paul’s Cathedral
  • 20 Fenchurch Street
  • City of London tall building clusters

Assessment and Defning Points

This table of co-ordinates defnes the Assessment and Defning Points of the view and is expressed in terms of OS Eastings and Northings and height Above Ordnance Datum (AOD).

Viewpoint Coordinates and Angle of View

A

534865.9 E

179765.7 N

6.95m AOD including 1.6m camera height

Defning point at centre of Tower Bridge

B

533670.9 E

180265.7 N

n/a

Length at AB

1292m

Angle between Viewpoint and Defning Point (Clockwise, 0 degrees at North)

293 degrees

Field of View

120 degrees

Annex 4, Table 6: View 4 Assessment and Defining Points

 

Viewing location

Map showing the designated Viewing Location and Assessment Point at Kings Stairs Gardens. The map is oriented with North at top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 9: Kings Stairs Gardens River Prospect Assessment and Defning Points]

 

Photograph of Kings Stairs Gardens River Prospect View Towards Tower Bridge

[Annex 4, Photograph 7]

View 5: Millenium Bridge Townscape View

View Management Guidance

This view ensures the ability to recognise and appreciate one of London’s most famous landmark buildings, the Tate Modern modern art gallery. The building utilises the former Bankside Power Station that was originally designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott with later extensions by Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron.

The prominence of the Tate Modern, its iconic chimney and extensions, must not be challenged by development appearing in its backdrop. Proposals must not harm or compromise the distinctiveness and silhouette of the chimney, and must form attractive features in their own right.

Building heights should step down from established Blackfriars Road and London Bridge tall building clusters to ensure that the Tate Modern, its chimney and extensions is the principal building in the view.

Inappropriate development will not be acceptable in the foreground of the view.

Description of the view

The view from the Millennium Bridge south towards the Tate Modern provides a unique townscape of one of London’s most famous landmark buildings. The silhouette of the horizontal massing of the original power station, its further extensions and its distinctive chimney creates a unique skyline of national and international importance.

In the foreground, the gentle curve of the Millennium Bridge leads the viewer to its southern bridgehead where it meets the tree-lined open spaces of the Thames Path that are located between the Tate Modern’s and the River Thames foreshore.

The following landmarks are visible in the view:

  • Millennium Bridge
  • Tate Modern, its extensions and chimney

Other features visible in the view:

  • Falcon Point
  • Neo Bankside

Assessment and Defining Points

This table of co-ordinates defnes the Assessment and Defning Points of the view and is expressed in terms of OS Northing and Easting and height Above Ordnance Datum (AOD).

Viewpoint Coordinates and Angle of View

A

532052.3 N

180677.4 N

15.0m AOD including 1.6m camera height

Defning point at centre of Tate Modern chimney

B

532001.9 E

180486.9 N

n/a

Length at AB

197m

Angle between Viewpoint and Defning Point (Clockwise, 0 degrees at North)

195 degrees

Field of View

120 degrees

Annex 4, Table 7: View 5 Assessment and Defning Points

 

Viewing location

Map showing the designated Assessment and Defning Points. The map is oriented with North at the top of page.

[Annex 4, Map 10: Millennium Bridge Townscape View Assessment and Defning Points]

 

View 5: Photograph of Millenium Bridge Townscape View of Tate Modern and Chimney.

[Annex 4, Photograph 8]

Page last updated: 20 July 2022

Privacy settings