Wider determinants of health

Natural and built environment

Our health and wellbeing are largely determined by the environment in which we are born, grow, live, work and age. The natural environment includes green and blue spaces while the built environment includes housing, transport and food outlets, both of which influence our ability to make healthy choices.

Natural and built environment is a key contributor to health inequalities, which can be addressed through action to ensure environmental sustainability. Planning and development create an opportunity to achieve this through place design, as well as policies and regulations for issues such as fast food takeaways, air quality and housing standards.

Air pollution is a leading environmental risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality. Since 2003 most of the Southwark has been declared an Air Quality Management Area indicating high concentration of air pollution, which is unlikely to improve in nearest future. The main sources of air pollution in Southwark are transport emissions with areas around busy roads particularly affected by high emissions. Air pollution attributed mortality rates account for around 23 deaths per 100,000 Southwark population or around 72 deaths per year.

Southwark Public Health together with key partners and stakeholders have produced a number of documents identifying the local population needs. Please note that this list will be updated as and when the new information becomes available.

Southwark JSNA reports

Other local plans and strategies

External resources

Page last updated: 06 July 2022

Privacy settings